Solitaire is a form of tabletop game that can be played alone or with other people. Klondike is a solitaire card game that is often simply referred to as Solitaire.

In USA, the term Solitaire may be used to describe any card game that can be played by a single player. Solitaire games played with cards are normally referred to as Patience in Britain. Many single-player games using a definite layout of pegs, stones or tiles that require skill and concentration are also often referred to as "solitaire."

Different Types of Solitaire

Most of the solitaire games operate as a puzzle that may or may not be resolved in a different manner each time the game is played. The difference in results is often caused by a different starting point.

There are numerous types of solitaire games, some of which are mentioned below:

Patience is a card game that is frequently referred to as "solitaire with cards". The game normally involves placing the cards in a definite layout and then following some specific rules to organize them.

Mahjong solitaire can be played with two different sets of rules. Each form of this solitaire can be again played using several layouts. The two forms of this game are Shanghai solitaire, which can be played using the flying dragon or turtle layout. The other form of Mahjong solitaire is the Sichuan solitaire or Shisen-Sho.

Peg solitaire is more similar to a puzzle rather than a game. The puzzle is repeatable after it has been solved once.

How to play Solitaire

  • Place seven cards in a horizontal line; keep all the cards face down except the first card from the left.
  • Now repeat step 1 with six cards and skip the face-up card. In this deal, the second card from the left should be kept face up and the other cards should be kept face down.
  • Repeat the steps until 28 cards are dealt. The last card on every pile should be kept face up.
  • Put the remaining cards facing down in a stack to form a stockpile.
  • The foundation piles start with aces and are built up sequentially by suit. The first card in a foundation pile is ace; the second is 2 and so on. Four foundation piles are built; one each for hearts, diamonds, spades and clubs.
  • Try the top card in the stockpile if you cannot move ahead with the cards that are already open.
  • While playing, arrange the cards in descending order with alternating colors to form tableaux. If a 5 of diamonds is showing, you can play either the 4 of clubs or the 4 of spades.
  • If you do not have any option to play a card, put it on the waste pile. Turn over the exposed face-down card after you remove a face-up card from the card tableau.
  • You can move a cluster of cards while having an open tableau. If the card facing up on one tableau is a black queen and you also have another tableau with red jack and the cards 10, 9, 8, etc., you can shift the complete sequence of cards to the queen as long as the jack is red.
  • Always start building a new tableau with a king.
  • Arrange the cards from ace through king and finish each of the foundations by suit to win the game.